Proportional Representation - South Australia Legislative Council

South Australia Legislative Council
Name of proportional representation system Modified Hare-Clark
Ballot Paper Ticket Voting Above or beside the line voting Yes. Above the line voting.
Rotation of candidate names No. Order of names determined by the party or group.
Directions You are not legally obliged to mark the ballot paper.
You may vote by either placing the number 1 in one of these squares to indicate the registered voting ticket(s) you wish to adopt for your vote (above the line).
Or, numbering all squares from 1 to N in the order of your choice (below the line).
(Where N equals the number of candidates on the ballot paper.)
After voting, fold the ballot paper and place it in the ballot box or declaration envelope. (2014 SA Legislative Council ballot paper)
Formality A formal vote must contain a single first preference above the line or sequential preferences starting with the number 1 in all squares below the line.
If an elector correctly marks both above and below the line, the below the line preferences are counted. If one side is informal, the formal side is counted. A single cross or tick is accepted as a first preference both above and below the line.
Where two numbers are repeated or a number missed from a sequence, the ballot paper is informal except where the elector correctly numbers all but the last remaining preference square, which can also be left blank.
Distribution of a Surplus Method of distribution of surplus votes and calculation for new transfer value All of the elected candidate's ballot papers are distributed to pass on the surplus votes. The transfer value is calculated as follows:
transfer value equals number of surplus votes divided by total number of ballot papers received
Election of a candidate Exclusion of candidates All the excluded candidates' ballot papers are transferred to candidates remaining in the count according to the next available preference marked on them. (Each ballot paper is transferred at the 'value' it was received)
Exclusion of the lowest candidate when two or more are equal Exclude the candidate that had the lowest total the last time those candidates were unequal. If those candidates were equal at all times, exclude the candidate determined by the returning officer.
Casual Vacancies How is a casual vacancy filled? The new member is chosen by an assembly of both Houses of Parliament. If the vacating member was endorsed by a political party at the time of the election, the replacement must if possible be nominated by the same party.

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